Gavin Wood

Gavin James Wood is an English computer scientist, a co-founder of Ethereum, creator of Polkadot and Kusama, and co-founder of Web3 Foundation.

Dr. Gavin Wood is a visionary computer scientist and blockchain pioneer known for his remarkable contributions to the world of decentralized technology. His journey into the blockchain space was marked by a deep-rooted interest in economics and game theory, which led him to explore the transformative potential of blockchain and cryptocurrencies. In 2013, he encountered Bitcoin and recognized the profound intersection between information and game theory, sparking his enduring passion for the blockchain ecosystem.

Dr. Wood's pivotal role in shaping the blockchain landscape began with the creation of the first functional Ethereum client in January 2014, known as "PoC-1." This marked the inception of Ethereum, a groundbreaking blockchain platform. He authored the Yellow Paper, providing the first formal specification of a blockchain protocol, setting Ethereum apart from its peers. His visionary thinking extended to the design of the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), the gas system, and the caller-pays account model, forming the foundation of Ethereum's protocol. Dr. Wood also conceptualized and designed critical components of the Ethereum technology stack, including the Solidity contract language, RPC, and Whisper/Swarm protocols.

Beyond Ethereum, Dr. Wood's influence in the blockchain space is profound. He is the co-founder of Parity Technologies and played a pivotal role in the creation of Polkadot, a revolutionary multi-chain platform, and the Web3 Foundation. His contributions have transcended technology and ventured into novel realms, including game design, audio analysis, and voting systems. With a background in computer science, a PhD in music visualization, and a diverse skill set, Dr. Gavin Wood continues to be a driving force in the global blockchain community, shaping the decentralized future of technology and finance.


Gavin was born in Lancaster, England, United Kingdom. He attended the Lancaster Royal Grammar School. He graduated from the University of York with a Master of Engineering (MEng) in Computer Systems and Software Engineering in 2002 and completed his PhD entitled "Content-based visualisation to aid common navigation of musical audio" in 2005.

Before working on Ethereum, Wood was a research scientist at Microsoft. He was one of the founders of the Ethereum blockchain, which he has described as “one computer for the entire planet,” with Vitalik Buterin, Charles Hoskinson, Anthony Di Iorio and Joseph Lubin during 2013–2014. Wood proposed and helped develop Solidity, a programming language for writing smart contracts. He also released the paper defining the Ethereum Virtual Machine, the runtime system for smart contracts in Ethereum, in 2014. He also served as the Ethereum Foundation's first chief technology officer. Wood left the Ethereum Foundation in January of 2016.

Wood founded Parity Technologies (formerly Ethcore), which developed a client for the Ethereum network and creates software for companies using blockchain technology, with Jutta Steiner, who also previously worked at the Ethereum Foundation. The company released the Parity Ethereum software client, written in Rust, in early 2016. He held the title of chief web officer at Parity in 2018.

He founded the Web3 Foundation, a nonprofit organization focusing on decentralised internet infrastructure and technology, starting with the Polkadot network. In comparison to Bitcoin's proof of work mechanism, Polkadot relies on proof of stake mechanism and allows developers to create their own blockchain that can talk to other ledgers, forming a system of parachains. Developers can decide what kind of transaction fees to charge and how fast to confirm blocks of transactions across the digital ledgers. In 2019, he founded Kusama, an early-stage experimental development environment for Polkadot.

Published Work

Dr. Gavin Wood has made significant contributions to the blockchain and decentralized technology space through his published works. "Ethereum: A Secure Decentralised Generalised Transaction Ledger" is a seminal paper co-authored by Dr. Wood. This paper outlines the foundational principles and technical specifications of Ethereum, the groundbreaking blockchain platform. It serves as the Ethereum Yellow Paper, providing essential insights into the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) and the inner workings of Ethereum's secure, decentralized ledger. This publication is widely regarded as one of the cornerstones of Ethereum's development and has been instrumental in shaping the blockchain ecosystem.

In addition to his work on Ethereum, Dr. Wood has authored "Polkadot: Vision for a Heterogeneous Multi-Chain Framework." This visionary paper outlines the conceptual framework and design principles behind Polkadot, a groundbreaking multi-chain platform. Polkadot aims to enable interoperability and scalability across different blockchains, revolutionizing how blockchains interact with one another. Dr. Wood's publication sheds light on the innovative approach that Polkadot takes to address the challenges of blockchain technology, making it a pivotal work in the evolution of decentralized systems. His research and publications continue to influence and inspire advancements in the blockchain industry.


Gavin Wood is a visionary technologist who envisions a future where the internet and digital interactions are truly decentralized, empowering individuals with control over their data, identity, and digital destinies. His vision revolves around the concept of Web 3.0, a paradigm shift from the current internet landscape dominated by tech giants and centralized platforms. In this vision, users are not mere consumers but active participants in a digital ecosystem where trust is embedded in the technology itself, and intermediaries are minimized.

Central to Gavin Wood's vision is the Polkadot network, a groundbreaking platform designed to facilitate a multi-chain, interoperable future. He sees Polkadot as the foundation for a decentralized internet, where diverse blockchains can seamlessly communicate and collaborate, ushering in an era of scalability, security, and innovation. Gavin's vision extends beyond technology; it encompasses a fundamental shift in societal values, emphasizing individual sovereignty, data ownership, and the democratization of digital resources. Through his pioneering work, Gavin Wood is shaping a future where the internet serves the interests of its users, fostering trust, transparency, and inclusivity in the digital age.

Recognition and Awards
Gavin is notably recognized as the co-founder and technical visionary behind Ethereum, one of the most influential blockchain platforms globally. Dr. Wood's seminal contributions include coding the first functional Ethereum client, authoring the Yellow Paper (Ethereum's formal specification), and designing critical components like the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) and Solidity contract language. His groundbreaking work laid the foundation for Ethereum's success and revolutionized the blockchain landscape. Beyond Ethereum, Dr. Wood is the founder of Parity Technologies and played a central role in creating Polkadot, a groundbreaking multi-chain platform. His visionary leadership extends into various domains, from game design and audio analysis to voting systems, demonstrating his multidisciplinary expertise. Dr. Gavin Wood's enduring impact on blockchain technology and his commitment to decentralization continue to shape the future of the digital world.

Gavin Wood
serial entrepreneur, computer scientist, blockchain and Web 3.0 advocate
Known for
Ethereum (Author, Yellow Papers), Polkadot (Author, White Papaers), Web3 Foundation, Parity Technologies (Co-Founder)
Ethereum: A Secure Decentralised Generalised Transaction Ledger, Polkadot: Vision for a Heterogenous Multi-Chain Framework (Author)
MEng (Computer Systems and Software Engineering, University of York), PhD (University of York)
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Fri Mar 01 2024

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