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Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

formerly the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with 48 being Muslim-majority countries.
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Leadership team

Hissein Brahim Taha (Secretary General)

Headquarters
General Secretariat of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation P.O. Box 178, Jeddah 21411, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Year stablished
1969
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Summary

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an international organization composed of 57 member states, representing the collective voice of the Muslim world. It was founded in 1969 with the aim of promoting solidarity, cooperation, and coordination among its member countries and safeguarding the interests and rights of the Muslim community globally.

The OIC's headquarters is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and it operates through various subsidiary organs and specialized institutions. The organization covers a wide range of areas, including political, economic, social, cultural, and scientific cooperation among member states. It serves as a platform for member countries to discuss and address issues of common concern, such as conflicts, human rights, sustainable development, poverty alleviation, and combating terrorism and Islamophobia.

The OIC promotes Islamic values, fosters dialogue among civilizations and religions, and advocates for the rights and dignity of Muslims around the world. It also supports the Palestinian cause and works towards a peaceful resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The organization actively engages with other regional and international bodies to strengthen cooperation and promote peace, stability, and prosperity among nations.

The OIC operates through a system of decision-making bodies, including the Islamic Summit, which convenes heads of state and government from member countries, and the Council of Foreign Ministers, which meets annually to discuss and coordinate policies. The Secretariat, headed by the Secretary-General, provides administrative support and implements the decisions of the member states.


History

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has its roots in the aftermath of the burning issue of Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque in 1969. Following an arson attack on Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, which holds great religious significance for Muslims worldwide, the leaders of the Muslim world convened in Rabat, Morocco, for an extraordinary summit in September 1969. During this summit, they expressed their concerns over the situation and called for a unified response.

As a result, the OIC was officially established on September 25, 1969, with the adoption of the Rabat Declaration. Initially, the organization was known as the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, and its membership consisted of 25 Muslim-majority countries. Its primary objective was to provide a platform for member states to address issues affecting Muslims globally and promote solidarity among them.

In the early years, the OIC focused primarily on political issues related to the Muslim world, such as conflicts, territorial disputes, and the rights of Muslim minorities. It aimed to strengthen the voice of the Muslim community on the international stage and ensure that their concerns were heard and addressed.

Over time, the organization expanded its scope to cover a broader range of areas, including economic cooperation, social development, cultural exchange, and scientific collaboration. The OIC sought to enhance economic integration among member states, promote trade and investment, and address development challenges faced by Muslim countries.

In 2011, the OIC underwent a significant transformation to adapt to changing global circumstances and meet the evolving needs of its member states. The organization changed its name from the Organisation of the Islamic Conference to the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation to reflect its broader mandate and goals.

Since its establishment, the OIC has witnessed the admission of new member states, and it currently comprises 57 member countries from Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. It continues to play a vital role in promoting cooperation, unity, and mutual understanding among Muslim nations and addressing various challenges faced by the Muslim world.

Throughout its history, the OIC has actively engaged with other regional and international organizations, including the United Nations, to promote peace, security, and development. It has worked towards resolving conflicts, combating terrorism, promoting human rights, and advocating for the rights of Muslims globally.

In summary, the history of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is rooted in the need for collective action and solidarity among Muslim nations. Over the years, it has evolved into a multifaceted organization with a broad mandate to address political, economic, social, and cultural issues affecting the Muslim world. It remains committed to promoting cooperation, unity, and the well-being of Muslims worldwide.


Goals and Purpose

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has set forth several goals and objectives to guide its work and promote the interests of its member states. These goals encompass a wide range of areas, including political, economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian aspects. Here are some of the key goals of the OIC:

Political Cooperation: The OIC aims to strengthen political solidarity and cooperation among member states. It seeks to promote peaceful resolution of conflicts, respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the protection of the rights of Muslim minorities. The organization plays an active role in addressing political issues affecting the Muslim world and advocates for the interests of its member states on the international stage.

Economic Development: The OIC aims to enhance economic cooperation and integration among member states. It seeks to promote trade, investment, and economic collaboration to foster sustainable development and address socio-economic challenges faced by Muslim nations. The organization encourages the development of joint ventures, promotes intra-OIC trade, and supports initiatives for poverty reduction and socioeconomic empowerment.

Cultural Exchange and Education: The OIC recognizes the importance of cultural diversity and the preservation of Islamic heritage. It seeks to promote cultural dialogue, understanding, and exchange among member states. The organization supports initiatives to preserve and promote Islamic culture, art, and heritage. It also emphasizes the importance of education, research, and the dissemination of knowledge to foster intellectual growth and contribute to the progress of member states.

Humanitarian Assistance: The OIC is committed to addressing humanitarian crises and providing assistance to affected populations. It aims to coordinate efforts among member states to respond to natural disasters, conflicts, and other emergencies. The organization supports humanitarian initiatives, including health programs, poverty alleviation projects, and refugee assistance. It also advocates for the protection of human rights and works towards the eradication of poverty and inequality.


Impact

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has had a significant impact on various fronts since its establishment. Here are some key areas where the OIC has made an impact:

Political Influence: The OIC serves as a platform for member states to coordinate their political positions and advocate for their common interests. It has played a crucial role in addressing political issues affecting the Muslim world, including conflicts, occupation, and human rights violations. Through its collective voice, the OIC has contributed to shaping international discussions and influencing policy decisions.

Conflict Resolution: The OIC has been actively involved in mediating and resolving conflicts among member states. It has facilitated dialogue and negotiations to find peaceful solutions to regional disputes. For example, the OIC has played a role in mediating conflicts in Afghanistan, Sudan, and Yemen, promoting dialogue and reconciliation as means to achieve stability and peace.

Humanitarian Assistance: The OIC has been instrumental in providing humanitarian aid to affected populations in crisis situations. It has launched numerous initiatives to address the needs of refugees, internally displaced persons, and victims of natural disasters. The OIC's humanitarian efforts have helped alleviate suffering and improve the lives of millions of people across the Muslim world.

Economic Cooperation: The OIC has fostered economic cooperation and integration among member states. It has promoted trade, investment, and economic collaboration, leading to increased intra-OIC trade and economic growth in member countries. The organization has also supported initiatives for poverty reduction, socioeconomic development, and the empowerment of marginalized communities.


References
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Leadership team

Hissein Brahim Taha (Secretary General)

Headquarters
General Secretariat of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation P.O. Box 178, Jeddah 21411, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Year stablished
1969
Social Media