Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private land-grant research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It was founded in 1861, and since then has established itself as one of the world's foremost institutions of higher education, particularly in the areas of science, engineering, and technology.

With a student body of approximately 11,500, MIT offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degree programs in a wide range of fields, including science, engineering, business, economics, and the humanities. The university is known for its rigorous academic programs and cutting-edge research, and has produced numerous Nobel laureates, Rhodes Scholars, and MacArthur Fellows.

MIT is home to many world-class research centers and initiatives, including the Media Lab, the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, and the MIT Energy Initiative. The university is also renowned for its strong entrepreneurial culture and has played a key role in the formation of many successful startups.

The campus of MIT covers approximately 168 acres and includes a variety of facilities and resources for students, faculty, and staff. These include research labs, classrooms, libraries, and numerous sports and recreational facilities.

As of December 2021, 100 Nobel laureates, 26 Turing Award winners, and 8 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with MIT as alumni, faculty members, or researchers. In addition, 58 National Medal of Science recipients, 29 National Medals of Technology and Innovation recipients, 50 MacArthur Fellows, 83 Marshall Scholars, 41 astronauts, 16 Chief Scientists of the US Air Force, and numerous heads of states have been affiliated with MIT. The institute also has a strong entrepreneurial culture and MIT alumni have founded or co-founded many notable companies. MIT is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU) and has received more Sloan Research Fellowships and Hertz Fellowships than any other university.


The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was founded in 1861 in response to the growing need for technical education in the United States. Its establishment was motivated by the Industrial Revolution and the Civil War, which created a demand for new technologies and engineering expertise. Initially, MIT was a small institution offering courses in applied science and engineering, but it quickly grew into one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

During the first half of the 20th century, MIT's research efforts expanded, resulting in numerous technological advancements and scientific breakthroughs. The institute became known for its research in fields such as physics, chemistry, and electrical engineering. Its involvement in the development of radar during World War II further cemented its reputation as a leader in scientific research.

In the latter half of the 20th century, MIT continued to make significant contributions to science and technology, particularly in the areas of computer science and artificial intelligence. MIT graduates and faculty members have been instrumental in founding some of the world's most innovative companies, including Intel, Bose, and Dropbox. In 2001, MIT launched OpenCourseWare, a project to make the majority of its course materials available online for free, which has since been emulated by other institutions worldwide.

MIT's commitment to cutting-edge research and education continues today. Its faculty and students work on groundbreaking projects in fields ranging from climate change to cancer research to space exploration. In recent years, the institute has also invested heavily in the study of artificial intelligence, creating an AI research lab in partnership with IBM and opening a new college dedicated to interdisciplinary AI education.

MIT's history is characterized by a relentless pursuit of scientific and technological progress, as well as a commitment to sharing knowledge and educating the next generation of innovators. Its legacy can be seen in the countless technological advancements and scientific breakthroughs that have emerged from its labs and classrooms, as well as in the many MIT alumni who have gone on to change the world through their work in science, technology, and business.


Undergraduate courses: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is known for its strong undergraduate programs in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. The institute offers undergraduate degrees in 46 majors, including a general engineering degree, and many interdisciplinary programs. These programs are designed to provide students with the skills and knowledge necessary to tackle complex real-world challenges and make a positive impact on society.

The School of Architecture and Planning offers undergraduate degrees in architecture, urban studies and planning, and art, culture, and technology. 

The School of Engineering is the largest school at MIT, and it offers undergraduate degrees in a range of engineering disciplines, including aerospace, biological, chemical, civil, computer, electrical, environmental, materials, mechanical, and nuclear engineering. 

The School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences offers undergraduate degrees in a range of humanities, arts, and social science disciplines, including anthropology, economics, history, literature, music, philosophy, political science, and women's and gender studies. 

The Sloan School of Management offers undergraduate degrees in management, as well as a range of minors and interdisciplinary programs.

Postgraduate programs: 

The Master of Science (MS) program is available in various fields of study, including Aeronautics and Astronautics, Biological Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Materials Science and Engineering, and Nuclear Science and Engineering. This program typically takes two years to complete and includes coursework and research.

The Master of Engineering (MEng) program is a professional degree program that offers specialized education in various engineering fields. The MEng degree is designed to provide students with advanced technical knowledge and skills, as well as an understanding of the business and management aspects of engineering. Students in the MEng program can choose from a variety of specializations, including Aerospace Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering.

The Master of Business Administration (MBA) program is a two-year, full-time program that offers training in business administration, management, and leadership. The program emphasizes hands-on learning, teamwork, and global business perspectives. Students in the MBA program can choose from various specializations, including finance, entrepreneurship, innovation, and operations management.

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) program is a research-oriented program that prepares students for careers in academia, industry, and government. PhD students work closely with faculty members and conduct original research in their chosen field of study. PhD programs are available in various fields, including Biological Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, Economics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Linguistics, and Mechanical Engineering.

MIT also offers several graduate certificate programs that provide focused education in specific areas of study. These certificate programs are typically shorter than degree programs and are designed to enhance students' skills and knowledge in a particular field. Some of the graduate certificate programs offered at MIT include the Graduate Certificate in Real Estate Development, the Graduate Certificate in Systems and Product Development, and the Graduate Certificate in Computational Science and Engineering.

Global MBA rankings

According to the Financial Times Global MBA Rankings 2021, MIT's Sloan School of Management was ranked as follows:

#4 globally, tied with the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania
#1 in the United States
#1 for salary percentage increase
#3 for career progress
#2 for entrepreneurship and alumni outcomes

Job integration rate

According to the 2020 Career Outcomes Survey conducted by MIT, 87% of undergraduate students and 91% of graduate students secured full-time employment, enrolled in graduate school, or started a business within six months of graduation. 

General information
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Anantha P. Chandrakasan

Academic staff
1,000 - 20,000
Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
The Association of American Universities (AAU), The Consortium on Financing Higher Education (COFHE), The MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI), The EdX Consortium
77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA, USA
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